More compound subjects and objects with -(이)랑 and -와/과

Welcome to another post! I wanted to get a video up for today, but subtitling is taking longer than I had hoped ㅠㅠ So, the video I had planned for today will be up for Wednesday. In the meanwhile, let’s continue with compound subjects and objects. -(이)랑 and -와/과 function similarly to -하고, which we saw last time. However, the situations in which we use them are a bit different.

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Making compound subjects, objects, and verbs with -하고 and -고

Hello again, everyone! This time we’re going to look at how to form compound subjects, objects, and verbs in Korean. Sometimes we want to indicate that two subjects did something together, or that they had the same action enacted on them. We also might want to say that one or more subjects did multiple actions. We can make compound subjects, objects, and verbs very easily! Using 하고 and -고, you can start making more complex sentences in no time.

Compound subjects and objects

A compound subject in English would look like this:

Taehyung and Mina went to school.

The cat and the dog fought.

My friend and her younger brother are smart.

In these cases, both of the subjects do the action or are in the state of the verb.

Compound objects look like this:

I ate cake and ice cream.

Sohyeon drinks coffee and tea.

Both of the nouns in each sentence are receiving the action of verb.

To connect subjects and objects in Korean, just attach -하고 to the first of the two nouns.

태형 씨하고 미나 씨가 학교에 갔어요.

고양이하고 개가 싸웠어요.

제 친구하고 친구의 남동생이 똑똑해요.

저는 케이크하고 아이스크림을 먹었어요.

소현 씨는 커피하고 차를 마셔요.

To make a compound subject or object with more than two nouns, put -하고 only after the first noun and list the other items with commas in between.

저는 사과하고 배, 바나나, 레몬을 샀어요. (I bought apples, pears, bananas, and lemons.)

Compound verbs

We get a compound verb when we combine two or more verbs. In English, this is what it would look like:

We had dinner and saw a movie.

Sungmin made cookies and cleaned the house.

To combine these verbs in Korean, we simply add -고 to the end of the first verb. You should only conjugate the second verb for tense, though in speech you can fairly commonly hear tense markers on the first verb as well.

우리는 저녁을 먹고 영화를 봤어요.

성민 씨는 쿠키를 만들고 집 청소를 했어요.

To combine more than two verbs, attach -고 to the end of each verb but the final verb.

저는 샤워하고 옷을 입고 이를 닦았어요. (I took a shower, got dressed, and brushed my teeth.)


Making compound subjects, objects, and verbs using -하고 and -고 in Korean is easy because these endings do not cause the things to which they attach to undergo any changes. Try making a few sentences of your own!

Happy studying~

What’s the difference?? ~처럼 and 같다


I wrote this post to answer a question that an anon asked! ~처럼 and 같다 do have similar meanings in translation but they function quite differently. How are they similar, and how are they different? Let’s take a look. Continue reading “What’s the difference?? ~처럼 and 같다”

What’s the difference? — -고 있다 and -아/어 있다


This post was inspired by a question that someone asked on the /r/korean subreddit (I lurk around there sometimes; if you Reddit, please do check out that sub!). The question was why some verbs use -고 있다 and some use -아/어 있다. If you check the question link, you can see my short answer on the original question. Also, I’ve actually gone over these two in the past, in a post about the progressive tense. The purpose of this post is to sort of clarify the difference between the two with a bit more explanation and contrasting examples.

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I will… Simple future tense

Hello, everyone! A new grammar post has been long overdue on this blog. Apologies for the irregularity of my schedule!

Anyway, today we’ll talk about how to express simple future tense meanings. There are two ways: using the simple present tense, and using the structure -(으)ㄹ 것이다. Let’s dive on in!

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Before and after— -기 전(에) and -(으)ㄴ 후(에)

Hi, everyone! Last time, we looked at talking about “when” something happened using -(으)ㄹ 때. This time, let’s take a look at how to talk about the time before or after something happened. To do this, we’ll learn -기 전(에) and -(으)ㄴ 후(에) respectively.

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The many faces of -(으)로

-(으)로 is a very useful particle that can be attached to nouns (both normal nouns and nouns created using noun modifier endings) for a variety of usages. Especially at the beginning, it can be a bit hard or confusing to differentiate these different meanings. Let’s take a look at some of the most common usages of -(으)로!

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