Hello, all! Thank you for your patience with my crazy posting schedule lately. I’m back with another grammar post, this time about -(으)ㄹ 때. This is a very common and very useful grammar construct, so if you learn to use it well you’ll be that much closer to becoming a fluent Korean speaker!
Hello again! It feels like it’s been a while since I wrote a grammar post. I was trying to think of something that would be not too hard or time-consuming (grad school devours my free time!) and that would be helpful to a large number of people. I looked through my list of Korean grammar posts and realized that I hadn’t even yet done a post on the simple past tense! Let’s jump right on in.
-(으)로 is a very useful particle that can be attached to nouns (both normal nouns and nouns created using noun modifier endings) for a variety of usages. Especially at the beginning, it can be a bit hard or confusing to differentiate these different meanings. Let’s take a look at some of the most common usages of -(으)로!
In English, we use the progressive tense very commonly, and it’s just as useful in Korean. The progressive tense is used any time you want to indicate that an action or state is ongoing. For example:
I’m going to the store.
He is eating an apple.
Of course, it can be used in more than just the present tense. We also have past progressive:
I was doing my homework.
He was reading a book.
And we have future progressive as well:
I will be cooking dinner.
They will be taking a test.
So how do we make these kinds of sentences in Korean? There are a few simple ways.
Here’s a post for the beginners! Korean verb conjugation is different than English verb conjugation, and the form you must use varies depending on who you’re talking to and the social formality of the situation, among other factors. While this form isn’t the one that learners can expect to use the most, it is (IMO) the simplest to conjugate. Let’s dive in~
NOTE: I will not cover or use any irregular verbs in this post! I’ll save those for another post since I don’t want to potentially confuse someone seeing this information for the first time. Also, I will focus on the present tense, again to keep things as simple as possible.