Welcome back, everyone! Today I bring you some intermediate grammar. I feel like it’s been a while since I wrote something for the majority in the middle. Sometimes you want to compare two situations or acknowledge two sides of one thing or issue. In that case, you can use 반면(에). If you want to talk about choosing one thing over another, you can use 대신(에). We’ll look at both of them individually.
This grammar form translates more or less to “on the other hand” in English. You could also translate it as “while”. When used with action verbs in the past tense or descriptive verbs, attach ~(으)ㄴ 반면(에) to the verb root. If you’re dealing with an action verb in present tense, attach ~는 반면(에). You can use this when you want to compare two situations. Let’s check out some examples:
(Present tense descriptive verb) —저는 내성적인 반면 남자 친구는 외향적이에요. (I am introverted, but on the other hand, my boyfriend is extroverted.)
(Past tense action verb) — 세빈 씨는 이미 군대에 갔다온 반면에 승규 씨는 아직도 안 갔어요. (While Sebin has already gone to the army, Seunggyu has not yet gone.)
(Present tense action verb) — 한별 씨는 이번 방학 동안 태국 여행 가는 반면에 아라 씨는 집에만 있을 것 같아요. (While Hanbyeol is going to Thailand this vacation, it seems that Ara will just stay at home.)
We can see that the above examples are comparing two different things. We can also compare two aspects of the same thing:
(Present tense descriptive verb) — 강현 씨는 성격이 좋은 반면에 화를 낼 때 정말 무서워요. (Kanghyeon has a good personality, but on the other hand, he’s really scary when he’s angry.)
(Past tense action verb) — 승진 씨는 외국 여행을 몇 번 간 반면에 내국 여행은 아직도 안 가 봤어요. (While Seungjin has traveled internationally a few times, he still hasn’t traveled within the country.)
(Present tense action verb) — 혜림 씨는 매일 집에서 공부를 열심히 하는 반면 수업 시간 동안 핸드폰 게임만 계속 해요. (While Hyerim studies hard at home every day, she constantly does nothing but play phone games during class.)
If you want to indicate that one thing was chosen over another, this is the grammar you need! It can be used directly after nouns, or after present tense action verbs in the form ~는 대신에.
(Nouns) — 사과 대신에 오레지를 먹을 거예요. (I will eat oranges instead of apples.)
(Present tense action verb) — 숙제를 하는 대신 게임을 3시간 동안 했어요. (Instead of doing homework, I played games for three hours.)
(Present tense action verb) — 바로 대학교에 가는 대신 제 친구는 1년 동안 휴학해서 여행을 하려고 해요. (My friend intends to take a break for one year and travel instead of going straight to university.)