More compound subjects and objects with -(이)랑 and -와/과

Welcome to another post! I wanted to get a video up for today, but subtitling is taking longer than I had hoped ㅠㅠ So, the video I had planned for today will be up for Wednesday. In the meanwhile, let’s continue with compound subjects and objects. -(이)랑 and -와/과 function similarly to -하고, which we saw last time. However, the situations in which we use them are a bit different.


-(이)랑 is like a more casual -하고. This form is largely reserved for speech. However, you will also see it in informal writing like text messages and such. Use -이랑 when the noun before it ends with a consonant. When the noun ends with a vowel, use -랑.

Compound subject

가방이랑 노트북이 식탁 위에 있어. (The bag and computer are on the table.)

언니 동생이 장 보러 갔어요. (My older sister and younger sibling went to buy groceries.)

Compound object

내 물통이랑 운동화를 가져다 줘. (Please bring my water bottle and training shoes.)

어제 숙제 프로젝트를 다 냈어요. (I turned in the homework and project yesterday.)


This form is reserved for writing only! Also, each form attaches to the opposite of what you would expect based on other Korean connectors. -와 is added to the end of a noun that ends with a vowel while -과 is for nouns that end with a consonant.

Compound subjects

재종 씨 여자 친구는 길을 걸었다. (Jaejong and his girlfriend walked down the street.)

직원들 사장님은 회의했다. (The employees and the boss had a meeting.)

Compound objects

졸업 증명서와 이력서를 2시까지 내세요. (Please submit your diploma and resume by 2.)

어른들보다 먼저 숟가락 젓가락을 들지 마세요. (Don’t pick up your spoon and chopsticks before your elders.)


As always, happy studying~

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