[Book Review] — 오늘은 내 인생의 가장 젊은 날입니다

I haven’t done a book review in a while, have I? I’m on a huge reading kick lately, so more will be upcoming this year! Today’s book is “오늘은 내 인생의 가장 젊은 날입니다” by 이근후.

Continue reading “[Book Review] — 오늘은 내 인생의 가장 젊은 날입니다”

Let’s learn 하십시오체 conjugation!

After a few weeks, I’ve finally gotten another video out! I love planning these out, and finally making the thumbnail and uploading the video feels so gratifying. If anything ever slows down my video process, it’s subtitling. It takes hours to write the original subs, then a few more hours to translate them. Anyway, it’s tedious but always worth it in the end if someone ends up learning something new!

I went over 하십시오체 conjugation in this one. If you would rather read about it than watch a video, you can check out my original 하십시오체 post too 🙂

Happy studying, everyone!

More compound subjects and objects with -(이)랑 and -와/과

Welcome to another post! I wanted to get a video up for today, but subtitling is taking longer than I had hoped ㅠㅠ So, the video I had planned for today will be up for Wednesday. In the meanwhile, let’s continue with compound subjects and objects. -(이)랑 and -와/과 function similarly to -하고, which we saw last time. However, the situations in which we use them are a bit different.

Continue reading “More compound subjects and objects with -(이)랑 and -와/과”

Making compound subjects, objects, and verbs with -하고 and -고

Hello again, everyone! This time we’re going to look at how to form compound subjects, objects, and verbs in Korean. Sometimes we want to indicate that two subjects did something together, or that they had the same action enacted on them. We also might want to say that one or more subjects did multiple actions. We can make compound subjects, objects, and verbs very easily! Using 하고 and -고, you can start making more complex sentences in no time.

Compound subjects and objects

A compound subject in English would look like this:

Taehyung and Mina went to school.

The cat and the dog fought.

My friend and her younger brother are smart.

In these cases, both of the subjects do the action or are in the state of the verb.

Compound objects look like this:

I ate cake and ice cream.

Sohyeon drinks coffee and tea.

Both of the nouns in each sentence are receiving the action of verb.

To connect subjects and objects in Korean, just attach -하고 to the first of the two nouns.

태형 씨하고 미나 씨가 학교에 갔어요.

고양이하고 개가 싸웠어요.

제 친구하고 친구의 남동생이 똑똑해요.

저는 케이크하고 아이스크림을 먹었어요.

소현 씨는 커피하고 차를 마셔요.

To make a compound subject or object with more than two nouns, put -하고 only after the first noun and list the other items with commas in between.

저는 사과하고 배, 바나나, 레몬을 샀어요. (I bought apples, pears, bananas, and lemons.)

Compound verbs

We get a compound verb when we combine two or more verbs. In English, this is what it would look like:

We had dinner and saw a movie.

Sungmin made cookies and cleaned the house.

To combine these verbs in Korean, we simply add -고 to the end of the first verb. You should only conjugate the second verb for tense, though in speech you can fairly commonly hear tense markers on the first verb as well.

우리는 저녁을 먹고 영화를 봤어요.

성민 씨는 쿠키를 만들고 집 청소를 했어요.

To combine more than two verbs, attach -고 to the end of each verb but the final verb.

저는 샤워하고 옷을 입고 이를 닦았어요. (I took a shower, got dressed, and brushed my teeth.)

 

Making compound subjects, objects, and verbs using -하고 and -고 in Korean is easy because these endings do not cause the things to which they attach to undergo any changes. Try making a few sentences of your own!

Happy studying~

~(으)ㄴ/는 반면에 and 대신에 — “On the other hand” and “instead of”

Welcome back, everyone! Today I bring you some intermediate grammar. I feel like it’s been a while since I wrote something for the majority in the middle. Sometimes you want to compare two situations or acknowledge two sides of one thing or issue. In that case, you can use 반면(에). If you want to talk about choosing one thing over another, you can use 대신(에). We’ll look at both of them individually.

~(으)ㄴ/는 반면(에)

This grammar form translates more or less to “on the other hand” in English. You could also translate it as “while”. When used with action verbs in the past tense or descriptive verbs, attach ~(으)ㄴ 반면(에) to the verb root. If you’re dealing with an action verb in present tense, attach ~는 반면(에). You can use this when you want to compare two situations. Let’s check out some examples:

(Present tense descriptive verb) —저는 내성적인 반면 남자 친구는 외향적이에요. (I am introverted, but on the other hand, my boyfriend is extroverted.)

(Past tense action verb) — 세빈 씨는 이미 군대에 갔다온 반면에 승규 씨는 아직도 안 갔어요. (While Sebin has already gone to the army, Seunggyu has not yet gone.)

(Present tense action verb) — 한별 씨는 이번 방학 동안 태국 여행 가는 반면에 아라 씨는 집에만 있을 것 같아요. (While Hanbyeol is going to Thailand this vacation, it seems that Ara will just stay at home.)

We can see that the above examples are comparing two different things. We can also compare two aspects of the same thing:

(Present tense descriptive verb) — 강현 씨는 성격이 좋은 반면에 화를 낼 때 정말 무서워요. (Kanghyeon has a good personality, but on the other hand, he’s really scary when he’s angry.)

(Past tense action verb) —  승진 씨는 외국 여행을 몇 번 간 반면에 내국 여행은 아직도 안 가 봤어요. (While Seungjin has traveled internationally a few times, he still hasn’t traveled within the country.)

(Present tense action verb) — 혜림 씨는 매일 집에서 공부를 열심히 하는 반면 수업 시간 동안 핸드폰 게임만 계속 해요. (While Hyerim studies hard at home every day, she constantly does nothing but play phone games during class.)

대신(에)

If you want to indicate that one thing was chosen over another, this is the grammar you need!  It can be used directly after nouns, or after present tense action verbs in the form ~는 대신에.

(Nouns) — 사과 대신에 오레지를 먹을 거예요. (I will eat oranges instead of apples.)

(Present tense action verb) — 숙제를 하는 대신 게임을 3시간 동안 했어요. (Instead of doing homework, I played games for three hours.)

(Present tense action verb) — 바로 대학교에 가는 대신 제 친구는 1년 동안 휴학해서 여행을 하려고 해요. (My friend intends to take a break for one year and travel instead of going straight to university.)

 

Happy studying~