Translation—’국내 (미세먼지) 저감 조치’ 효과 있을까?

대부분 중국발 먼지인데…’국내 저감 조치’ 효과 있을까?

**Vocab lists for translation posts can be found at Quizlet and Memrise .**

The pollution in Seoul (and Korea in general) has been horrible lately. On Saturday (12.30) my pollution-tracking app showed the worst possible readings all day long. You could see the thick haze out of the window and smell it even through pollution-blocking masks. When the air gets this bad, there are emergency pollution reduction policies enacted in the public sector. But… if the majority of the pollution is coming from China, what good does that do? Let’s read about Korea’s fight with air pollution.

This article is another transcript of a video news clip. I highly recommend clicking through to the original article and testing your listening with the video!

대부분 중국발 먼지인데…’국내 저감 조치’ 효과 있을까?

<앵커>

이번 미세먼지는 대부분 중국 북부에서 넘어온 겁니다. 국내 미세먼지와 섞여 농도가 더 높아진 거죠. 오늘(30일) 하루 수도권에선 배출가스나 쓰레기 소각량을 많게는 50%까지 줄이는 조치가 시행됐지만, 기대만큼의 효과는 없었습니다. 비가 오면서 초미세먼지는 씻겨 나가겠지만, 내일은 또 황사 예보가 있습니다.

정구희 기자입니다.

농도 (濃度) — concentration

배출가스 (排出) — emissions, exhaust gasses

소각 (燒却) — incineration

<기자>

오늘 새벽 서울의 초미세먼지 농도는 80㎍이었습니다.

이른 아침부터 비상 저감 조치를 시행했지만 농도는 오히려 상승해 100㎍까지 높아졌습니다.

저감 (低減) — reduction

조치 (措置) — measure, action

오히려 — on the contrary

어제부터 북서풍을 타고 넘어온 중국발 미세먼지가 한반도를 빠져나가지 못해 농도가 높아진 겁니다.

오늘처럼 미세먼지가 중국에서 넘어온 날은 국외의 영향이 평균 60~80%나 되기 때문에 국내에서 비상 대책을 가동해도 근본적으로 큰 도움이 되지 않습니다.

규제가 공공부문에 그친 점도 효과를 떨어뜨리고 있습니다.

가동하다 (稼動) — to enact, put into action

공공부문 (公共部門) — the public sector

사업장과 냉난방시설, 발전소는 수도권 전체 배출량의 35%를 차지하는데 배출량이 많은 제철소반도체 공장 등 민간부문은 규제 대상이 아닙니다.

[김순태/아주대 환경안전공학과 교수 : 시행되는 대상이 전체 배출량에 비해서 상당이 작은 부분이라고 생각이 되고요. 워낙 국외 비중이 크기 때문에 크게 줄어들지 않을 수도 있습니다.]

전문가들은 비상조치가 조금이라도 효과를 보려면 미세먼지를 많이 배출하는 민간 사업장 참여와 함께 자동차 이용도 줄여야 한다고 지적합니다.

제철소 (製鐵所) — steelworks

반도체 (半導體) — semiconductor

민간부문 (民間部門) — private sector

비중 (比重) — relative weight/importance

지적하다 (指摘) — to point out, indicate

(영상취재 : 최대웅, 영상편집 : 이승진)

정구희 기자(koohee@sbs.co.kr)

 

English translation—Most of the dust is from China… will a domestic reduction policy be effective?

<Anchor>

The majority of the current pollution is from the northern regions of China. Mixed with domestic pollution, the concentration has risen. Today (Dec. 30) in the capital area a measure to reduce emissions and the rate of garbage incineration up to 50% was enacted, but the results of that measure fell short of expectations. While rain should wash away the fine-particle pollution, tomorrow’s forecast also shows heavy pollution.

Reporter Jeong Koo-Hee brings us the story.

<Reporter>

This morning, Seoul’s fine-particle pollution levels were at 80㎍.

Starting from the early morning emergency pollution reduction measures were enacted but the levels actually increased to 100㎍.

어제부터 북서풍을 타고 넘어온 중국발 미세먼지가 한반도를 빠져나가지 못해 농도가 높아진 겁니다.

Pollution that has been blowing in on a northwesterly wind from China since yesterday is trapped over the Korean peninsula, increasing air pollution levels.

On days like today when the pollution comes over from China, the percentage of foreign pollutants averages around 60~80%. As a result, even if domestic emergency responses are put into action, they do very little to help.

The policies also lose effectiveness as their scope only covers the public sector.

Businesses, heating and cooling facilities, and power plants account for 35% of the capital area’s emissions, but steelworks and semiconductor factories, which have much higher emissions, are not targeted by the emergency measures.

[Kim Soon-Tae/Ajou University environmental safety engineering professor: I believe that the sectors affected by the policy comprise just a small part of our total emissions. As the foreign influence is relatively high, we can not reduce the pollution levels by much.]

Experts indicate that if emergency measures are to have even a slight impact, the high-polluting private sector must participate and automobile usage must also be reduced.

 

(Video coverage: Choi Dae-Oong, video editing: Lee Seung-Jin)

Reporter Jeong Koo-Hee (koohee@sbs.co.kr)

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