Hello, everyone! A new grammar post has been long overdue on this blog. Apologies for the irregularity of my schedule!
Anyway, today we’ll talk about how to express simple future tense meanings. There are two ways: using the simple present tense, and using the structure -(으)ㄹ 것이다. Let’s dive on in!
Wait, this is a post about the future tense! Why are we talking about the present tense?? Well, in Korean, you can use the simple tense to talk about things that will happen in the future. It overlaps a bit with the progressive reading of Korean’s simple present tense as well. When you use the simple present structure with a future meaning, you would often include a time adverb to make it clear that you are talking about the future. This is perfectly grammatical and very common. For example:
세빈이는 언제 와요? (When is Sebin coming/ When will Sebin come?)
내일 학교에 가요? (Will you go to school tomorrow?)
이번 주말 뭐해요? (What are you doing / What will you do this weekend?)
This structure is unambiguously future tense! Simply add -ㄹ 것이다 to a verb root ending in a vowel or ㄹ (the two ㄹ blend together into one), or -(으)ㄹ 것이다 to a root ending with a consonant. Make sure you keep any potential root changes in mind!
이번 휴가 때 캐나다에 갈 것이에요 / 거예요. (I will go to Canada this vacation.)
우리의 케이크가 정말 맛있을 것이에요 / 거예요. (Our cake will be delicious.)
오늘 저녁으로 불고기를 먹을 거예요. (Tonight I will eat bulgogi for dinner.)
성윤이는 내년부터 대구에서 살 거예요. (Seongyoon will live in Daegu from next year.)