[漢字 배우자! 2 ] Let’s count!

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Welcome to another 漢字 배우자 section! This time, we’ll look at numbers. The Korean word for “numbers” is 숫자 (數字), which is of course also a 漢字 word! The characters in this word are 셀 (count) 수 數 and 글자 (letter) 자 字, which we saw in [漢字 배우자! 1].

Korean uses two sets of numbers. One of them is the native Korean set of numbers: 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷, 다섯, 여섯, 일곱, 여덟, 아홈, 열… The other set of numbers is Sino-Korean, meaning that it is derived from Chinese characters! Let’s take a look:

 

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 륙(육), 칠, 팔, 구, 십

一, 二, 三, 四, 五, 六, 七, 八, 九, 十

 

Of course, there are more numbers than just 1 to 10. If we want to make larger numbers, we need:

100 –> 백 –>

1,000 –> 천 –>

10,000 –> 만 –>

 

Let’s write a few numbers in 한자!

12 –> 십이 –> 十二

43 –> 사십삼 –> 四十三

936 –> 구백삼십륙 –> 百三十六

8,465 –> 팔천사백륙십오 –> 八千四百六十五

75,801 –> 칠만오천팔백일 –> 七萬五千八百一

385,265 –> 삼십팔만오천이백륙십오 –> 三十八萬五千二百六十五

2,904,736 –> 이백구십만사천칠백삼십륙 –> 二百九十萬四千七百三十六

64,928,143 –> 육천사백구십이만팔천일백사십삼 –> 六千四百九十二萬八千一百四十三

NOTE that 六 is read 육 at the start of the word but 륙 everywhere else.

Let’s write 漢字!